Maseno University

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Prof. Eliud Waindi of Zoology Department showing judges the fish pond at the Maseno University stand during the ASK Kisumu Regional Show.

Farmers from Western Kenya and Southern Nyanza are the beneficiaries of a project that produces fingerlings by treatment of fry at critical tempratures that tilt the genetic balance towards development of more males than females.  
The project known as Aquaculture for Food Security and Poverty Alleviation among rural communities in the Lake Victoria Region using all male (Monosex) Tilapia fish is spearheaded by Prof Eliud Waindi of the Department of Zoology at Maseno University.

The project is one of the outstanding exhibits at the Maseno University stand at this year’s ASK Kisumu Regional Show.
Prof. Waindi says that he uses male tilapia for fish farming because they reproduce fast and profusely. The Nile Tilapia is known for its ease in handling and culture.

“Males are preferred to females because they grow faster and bigger. We take the fingerlings ten days after hatching and heat treat them. They reach full maturity at only five months,” he explains.

The Cell and Molecular Biology don adds that one of the advantages of raring male fish only is that they are less stressed as the mixed sex fish are usually cultured in confined spaces resulting to stress hence low production.
Currently, the fingerlings are produced in earthen ponds, however, the farmers are now encouraged to do home stocking so that the fish get enough food and control predators and thieves.

Some of the challenges the farmers face include theft of fish in the ponds, attack of fish by predators in the ponds and lack of quality and affordable feeds.
The Government of Kenya places a high priority on the development of Aquaculture as a way of enhancing food security and poverty alleviation for rural communities.
According to the Ministry of Fisheries  Development: National Fisheries (NF) Policy document 2008 and the Aqua Policy (AQ), 2011, Kenya’s aquaculture potential amounts to 1.4 billion hectares of fish farming area with a capacity to produce 11 million tonnes worth over Ksh. 50 billion annually.
 Other researches in the project are Prof. David Onyango Miruka, Dr. Paul Oyieng’ Angienda, Dr. John Radull, Mr. Ben Aketch and Mr. Elijah Odhiambo.

ASK Kisumu Regional Show Judges and Maseno university exhibiters viewing fingerlings  at the fish pond at the Maseno University stand.

Some of the tilapia fingerlings in the pond at Maseno University stand at the ASK Kisumu Regional Show.


 Ministry of Agriculture staff from Vihiga County being taken through the stages of greenhouse production at the Maseno University’ farm.