Maseno University

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Department of Pathology

Mission Statement
To disseminate knowledge of pathology to our students and to foster scholarship among our faculty through relevant research and innovation

Vision Statement
To be a world-class department of pathology through excellence in teaching, clinical service, research and innovation

At the end of the course in pathology, the undergraduate student should be able to
1.    Explain the concepts in General and Systemic Pathology, Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Clinical Immunology, Clinical Chemistry, Molecular Pathology and Forensic Pathology.
2.    Explain how various tissues respond to disease and describe the pathologic features of affected tissues
3.    Explain molecular basis of various disorders including tumours.
4.    Describe the pathology to genetic/congenital and acquired disorders of the various body systems
5.    Describe the scientific basis of laboratory techniques used in the investigation and management of clinical disorders.
6.    Perform some basic side-room laboratory tests applied in the diagnosis and management of patients
7.    Describe haemostasis, blood groups, blood group serology and blood transfusion service and to be able to apply to the blood transfusion process.

Human Pathology
The course imparts to the students an understanding of human diseases: their causative factors; the mechanisms by which these factors lead to the disease; they changes in appearance of affected organs and tissues; and how the affected patient manifests the disease.

The course content is subdivided into General Pathology and Systemic Pathology.
General Pathology looks at the response of cells and tissues to stresses; tissue injury and repair; normal and deranged blood haemodynamics; and the biology of tumours.

Systemic Pathology looks at the disease entities as they affect various organ systems of the human body.
The course is taught through lecture series; student presentations; tutorials; practical sessions and clerkships; and post-mortem sessions.

Pathology is taught in the third year of the undergraduate medical training programme. It is the bridge between preclinical years and clinical years – it enables the student to correlate the basic biological sciences of the preclinical years with the individual patient that will be encountered in the clinical setting.
Haematology and Blood Transfusion
Haematology and Blood Transfusion is a discipline within the Department of Pathology taught to undergraduate medical students in their third year of training. This course covers the anatomy, physiology, pathology and therapy of the blood and blood forming tissues. It covers a wide range of disorders including haematological malignancies, infections in blood, hemostasis and thrombosis and other aspects of benign Haematology. The course aims to prepare medical and nursing students understand the role of haematology in the diagnosis, management and follow up of patients.
The course also aims to emphasize the use of rationale when carrying out procedures on patients and other haematological investigations as well as their interpretation in correlation of disease process.
Chemical Pathology
This course aims to equipping the students with knowledge of the biochemical and metabolic processes that can either lead to or result in disease. At the end of this course, the student should be able to describe the biochemical, endocrine and metabolic processes that lead to the management and diagnosis of disease. The student will also be able to describe the Biochemistry of neoplastic disorders, the principle of clinical toxicology; and demonstrate the ability to use laboratory methods in chemical pathology.

The chemical pathology course is taught in the third year of undergraduate medicine training and is conducted through lectures, small group teaching, tutorials, case – based learning sessions and practical sessions.
Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology
The aims of this course are to demonstrate, through lectures and other learning environments, how the immune system develops, prevents infectious diseases and interacts with other bodily systems to limit or cause tissue damage. The course will give students a good grounding in theoretical and practical aspects of immunology with an emphasis on aspects of clinical immunology and immunopathology. The objective of the course is to provide possibility for students to acquire knowledge on the main issues of clinical immunology: primary immune deficiency, autoimmunity, peculiarities of the clinical process of various immune pathologies and immunological changes, methods of immunological examination in clinical practice, the principles of their prescription and interpretation, principles of treatment of various immune pathologies. During the course diseases involving the immune system will be used to illustrate its normal function. The course is taught in the third year of undergraduate medical training.
Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Forensic Medicine and Toxicology is a course offered by Maseno University School Medicine in the sixth year of the medical curriculum and it aim to equip the student with knowledge and skills of jurisprudential aspect of medical practice. Medical practitioners and medicine are important components of the justice system and the students will be equipped with knowledge on how to gather, document, safeguard and reproduce evidence in a court of Law as an expert witness. Included are aspects of toxicology as relates to drugs of abuse, use of therapeutic drugs for abuse and poisoning, poisoning and alcohol abuse.



Prof. Peter. J. Ojwang

Chair of Department


Address: P.o.Box Private Bag Maseno

Qualification: MBChB (Nairobi); MRC Path (London); FRC Path (London); FC Path (SA)
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 dr. simon onsongo

Dr. Simon N. Onsongo

Lecturer & Consultant Clinical Pathologist


Address: P.o.Box Private Bag Maseno

Qualification: Qualification: MBChB (Nairobi, 2007); M.Med Clin. Path.(Aga Khan University, 2013)

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Dr. Mbayah Etabalé

Lecturer & Anatomical Pathologist



Address: P.o.Box Private Bag Maseno

Qualification: MBChB (Nairobi), M.Med. Anat. Path (AKU)

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Dr. Peter Asaava

Lecturer & General Pathologist


Address: P.o.Box Private Bag Maseno

Qualification: MBChB (Moi); Diplomate Fellowship in Forensic Medicine and Pathology (SA); M.Med. General Pathology and Microbiology (Nairobi)

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